Biography Mariette Alarie



Biography Mariette Alarie

Acadian Roots

By Will H. Lowe - Wilson Museum Archives, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18343590Mariette's ancestors from Acadia include some of the earliest and most well-known inhabitants of the region, including Baron Vincent de ST-CASTIN (DCB, Wikipedia) (pictured, according to an imagined likeness by the painter Will H. Lowe) as well as Chief MADOCKAWANDO (Wikipedia), both leaders of the Abenaki people in the region of Pentagouët (modern day Castine, Maine). Also among Mariette's Acadian roots are colonists and fur-traders Charles de ST-ÉTIENNE de la TOUR (DCB, Wikipedia) and his father Claude (DCB, Wikipedia) as well as the merchant Emmanuel LEBORGNE (DCB, Wikipedia) and his son Alexandre (DCB).

The Baron is probably Mariette's most well-known ancestor. He married Melchilde, one of the daughters of Madockawando.

As a teen-ager, Vincent traveled to New France as a soldier (ensign) but went to live among the Abenaki people of what is now Maine. He became a leader of the tribe and fought with them against the English while making a fortune in the fur trade.

He's reputed to have had many wives and children, but very few records exist for them. Fortunately, the marriages of daughter Anastasie (Mariette's 6x great-grandmother) and her half-sister Thérèse, which took place on the same day in Port-Royal in 1707, were recorded in the parish register. Anastasie and Thérèse married into prominent and wealthy Acadian families, possibly because their father had left large dowries for them.

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, who was born in Maine, wrote a poem about the Baron (The Baron of St Castine). In it the daughters of Madockawando are described as being "glorious as queens, and beautiful beyond belief."

 

 

Québécoise de souche

The expression Québécois de souche ("of old Quebec stock") refers to descendants of the earliest settlers of New France.

Mariette's ancestors from this group include Louis HÉBERT (DCB, Wikipedia), considered the first European to farm in Canada; Abraham MARTIN (DCB), who gave his name to the Plains of Abraham, the site of the Battle of Québec; Hélène Desportes (DCB, Wikipedia), considered the first European born in New France; and Jean GUYON (DCB, Wikipedia) and Zacharie CLOUTIER (DCB, Wikipedia), early settlers and patriarchs with many well-known descendants including the Duchess of Cornwall and Angelina Jolie.

 

 

La Grande Recrue de 1653

 

The Great Recruitment of 1653The organization of a group of about 120 French men and women to assist and fortify the colony of Ville Marie (later Montréal) became known as the Great Recruitment of 1653. The group included the nun Marguerite Bourgeoys. Mariette has at least eight direct ancestors from the recruitment, including two women: Paul Benoît, Julien Daubigeon, Jean Deniau (Daigneau), Louis Guertin, Urbain Jetté, Perrine Meunier, Hugues Picard and Jeanne Soldé. Jeanne married Jacques Beauvais the following year: Mariette descends from their first three children, Raphaël, Barbe and Marguerite. Likewise, Mariette descends from three children of Paul Benoît: Laurent, Étienne and Marie.

 

 

 

 

 

Voyageurs

Mariette's ancestors from Trois-Rivières and Laprairie include many voyageurs, explorers and others involved in the fur trade.

The fur trade in New France was regulated by the government, and voyageurs were supposed to be licensed or work under contract with approved commercial organizations. The term engagé ouest (roughly, "contracted west") was the expression used by notaries of the period to describe voyageurs entering such agreements. Those who chose to work illegally were sometimes called coureurs des bois.

A number of Mariette's ancestors from Laprairie are documented as having been engagés: Dominique BOURDEAU, Pierre BOURDEAU, Antoine BOYER, Joseph DEMERS, René DUPUIS, Gabriel LEMIEUX, and Jean PERRAS (see Yvon LACROIX, Les origines de La Prairie (1667-1697) - Montréal: Cahiers d’histoire des Jésuites #4 (1981) p.135).

Also among Mariette's voyageur ancestors is Claude RIVARD dit LORANGER, a member of the Cadillac Convoy of 1701. Edmond, Pierre and Michel Roy dit Châtelleraut, also in the convory, were brothers of Claude's wife Catherine. The Louis Badaillac (Badayac) of the convoy is the son of Mariette's ancestor Louis Badaillac.

Although not a direct descendant of the explorer Jacques Denoyon, Mariette is descended from two of Jacques' sisters: Marie and Marguerite.

 

 

 

Filles du Roi

Les filles du Roi (the King's Daughters) were a group of about 800 girls and women, some very young, many of them orphans, sent from France to Québec in the 1660's and 1670's to become wives of French settlers and soldiers.

Among them, Catherine DUCHARME had the most documented children: eighteen.

The identity of Catherine PILLARD (or Pillat) is controversial. DNA testing of her descendants has shown she was not Caucasian, but whether she was of First Nations ancestry is debated. Some question her status as a fille du roi.

Mariette's ancestors include at least twenty of the filles du roi:

  • Marie Anne AUBRY (born about 1654)
  • Marie Madeleine BENOIT (born about 1653)
  • Francoise BOIVIN (born about 1653)
  • Marie BOUTARD (born about 1647)
  • Louise CHARRIER (born about 1643)
  • Marie Claire DELAHOGUE (born about 1651)
  • Marie Jeanne DEVEAU (born about 1647)
  • Jeanne DONAT (born about 1647)
  • Catherine DUCHARME (born about 1657)
  • Marguerite HIARDIN (born about 1645)
  • Marguerite LAMAIN (born about 1657)
  • Marguerite LECLERC (born about 1640)
  • Catherine LEMESLE (born about 1646)
  • Jacquette MICHEL (born about 1637)
  • Marie Francoise MICHEL (born about 1649)
  • Marguerite Francoise MOREAU (born about 1655)
  • Jeanne PETIT (born about 1644)
  • Catherine PILLARD (born about 1651)
  • Georgette RICHER (born about 1644)
  • Anne TALBOT (born about 1651)
  • Marguerite TENARD (born about 1633)

 

 

Régiment Carignan-Salières

The Carignan-Salières Regiment was a unit of several hundred soldiers sent by King Louis XIV to New France to protect French settlers and promote expansion of the fur trade. More than a dozen of the soldiers of the Régiment Carignan-Salières are direct ancestors of Mariette.

Note: Jean Vincent d'ABBADIE (Baron de St-Castin) does not appear on most modern compilations of lists of known soldiers from the regiment, but he was in the company according to many historians (e.g., John Francis SPRAGUE, Baron de Saint Castin, Dover, Maine: Sprague's Journal of Maine History: vol. IV (1916) pp. 296-311).

  • Jean Vincent d'ABBADIE (born about 1652)
  • Louis BADAYAC dit LAPLANTE (born about 1652)
  • Jean BEAULNE dit LAFRANCHISE (born about 1647)
  • Bernard DENIGER (born about 1645)
  • Antoine EMERY (born about 1643)
  • Pierre FAVREAU dit DESLAURIERS (born about 1636)
  • Mathieu FAYE dit LAFAYETTE (born about 1641)
  • Mathieu GERVAIS (born about 1646)
  • Louis MARIE dit STE-MARIE (born about 1634)
  • Andre MINIER dit LAGACE (born about 1640)
  • Michel ROY dit CHATELLEREAU (born about 1644)
  • Francois SEGUIN dit LADEROUTE (born about 1644)
  • Jacques SURPRENANT dit SANSOUCY (born about 1650)
  • Nicolas SYLVESTRE dit CHAMPAGNE (born about 1642)
  • Jacques TETU (born about 1641)

 

 

Sailors and Navigators

Many of Mariette's ancestors, including Abraham MARTIN (DCB) and Noël Langlois (DCB), were navigators sailing the St Lawrence and connecting waterways.

One of these was Mariette's 6x great-grandfather, Joseph PAYANT dit ST-ONGE, known by his colleagues as the Admiral of Lake Champlain (L'amiral du Lac Champlain) for his efforts engaging British vessels during the French and Indian War.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Laprairie 1681

Mariette's mother Bérengère FAILLE was among the last of a line of ancestors from La Praire de la Madeleine (also spelled Laprairie), an early settlement of New France. Laprairie had a history of conflicts with the Iroquois and English and was a center of the fur trade.

Eight generations of Bérengère's ancestors, starting with Marie ROY, were born at La Prairie. Marie is just one of dozens of Mariette's ancestors appearing on the census of Laprairie in 1681.

The census of Laprairie in 1681 lists more than thirty direct ancestors of Mariette, including several who were later killed by Iroquois warriors (tués par les Iroquois as it was written in the parish registers): Mathieu Faye, Jean Bourbon and Denise Lemaître.

 

 

 

 

Early Trois-Rivières

Mariette's father Arthur ALARIE descended from many generations of Alarie who lived in Trois-Rivières and surrounding parishes like Pointe-du-Lac. Among Arthur's Trois-Rivières ancestors are some of the earliest European settlers of the area, including Madeleine BOURGERY, a survivor of the Lachine Massacre of August 1689.

The family tree graph shows Mariette's ancestors born at Trois-Rivières up to 1660:

The father of Élisabeth LEFEBVRE (Pierre LEFEBVRE), had been held captive by the Iroquois for a time in 1648, a few years before her birth.

Madeleine BOURGERY would be a survivor of the Lachine Massacre of August 1689.

The parents of Marguerite BERTAULT (Jacques BERTAULT and Gillette BANNE) were executed for murdering one of their sons-in-law, Julien LATOUCHE. Marie CHAUVIN was a daughter of Gillette by another marriage.

 

 

Urbain Héroux

The notorious Urbain Héroux (Wikipedia) was the older brother of Mariette's great-great-grandmother Émilie Héroux. Émilie and her brother were born in Pointe-du-Lac, where many Héroux and Alarie lived in the 1700's and 1800's.

Urbain was a scoundrel who was hired by the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC). He worked at trading posts on the West Coast (e.g., Fort Vancouver) and what is now the Alaskan Panhandle (Fort Stikine). (The image is a lithograph drawn by Lt. Henry J. Warre of the HBC depicting Fort Vancouver around 1845.)

In 1842 he shot and killed the son of a high-ranking official of the HBC, John McLoughlin (Wikipedia), but was not tried or convicted of the offense. A forensic account of the killing can be found in Debra Komar's The Bastard of Fort Stikine (in which Urbain is incorrectly identified as being Iroquois).

 

 

Cousins and Relations

The pedigree charts below show Mariette's relation to many famous Québécois, including Prime Minister Justin Trudeau (and in fact all former French-Canadian prime ministers and many Québécois politicians such as René Lévesque and Maurice Duplessis).

Other cousins include the Duchess of Cornwall, the rebel (or patriot) Louis Riel, Toussaint Charbonneau (husband of Sacagawea), and many former players of the Montréal Canadiens, including Maurice "Rocket" Richard, Jean Béliveau, Yvan Cournoyer, Serge Savard, Guy Lafleur and Max Pacioretty.

Mariette is also descended from André Robidoux, apparently of Spanish origin and an early settler of Laprarie. One branch of the Robidoux family moved to St Louis, Missouri and became well known as traders, explorers and pioneers of the American West.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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